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Comparative review of the distribution and burden of contaminants in the body of polar bears.

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Dominique, Mélanie; Letcher, Robert J.; Rutter, Allison; Langlois, Valérie S. (9999). Comparative review of the distribution and burden of contaminants in the body of polar bears. Environmental Science and Pollution Research . DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-09193-2. (Sous Presse)

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Résumé

Historical (or legacy) contaminants, such as metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs; e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls) have been measured in circumpolar subpopulations of polar bears, especially from Hudson Bay, East Greenland, and Svalbard, but substantially less is currently known about new and/or emerging contaminants such as polychlorinated naphthalenes, current-use pesticides, organotins, and polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs). The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is an apex Arctic predator that accumulates high levels of bioaccumulative POPs and mercury (Hg), but there is currently no comprehensive profiling of the present knowledge on contaminants in tissue and body compartments in polar bears. Based on current literature reports and data, and including archived museum samples (as far back as the 1300s) and up to 2018, the aim of this review is to utilize available data to examine the comparative distribution and burden of mainly lipophilic contaminants in kidney, liver, fat, and other body compartments, such as milk, blood, and brain. Highlight outcomes from this review include the following: (1) the kidneys are one of the most important tissue depots of contaminants in polar bears; (2) there is a critical lack of data concerning the presence of metals of concern (other than Hg); and (3) there currently are no data available on the concentrations of many newer and emerging contaminants, such as PACs, which is especially relevant given the increasing oil and gas development in regions, such as the Beaufort Sea (Canada). Additionally, given the vulnerability of polar bear populations worldwide, there is a need to develop non-invasive approaches to monitor contaminant exposure in polar bears.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: polar bears; arctic; tissues; body distribution; contaminants; review
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 24 juill. 2020 13:22
Dernière modification: 24 juill. 2020 13:22
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10350

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