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River flood mapping in urban areas combining Radarsat-2 data and flood return period data.

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Tanguy, Marion; Chokmani, Karem; Bernier, Monique; Poulin, Jimmy; Raymond, Sébastien (2017). River flood mapping in urban areas combining Radarsat-2 data and flood return period data. Remote Sensing of Environment , vol. 198 . p. 442-459. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.042.

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Résumé

Near-real-time flood maps are essential to organize and coordinate emergency services' response actions during flooding events. Thanks to its capacity to acquire synoptic and detailed data during day and night, and in all weather conditions, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite remote sensing is considered one of the best tools for the acquisition of flood mapping information. However, specific factors contributing to SAR backscatter in urban environments, such as shadow and layover effects, and the presence of water surface–like radar response areas, complicate the detection of flood water pixels. This paper describes an approach for near-real-time flood mapping in urban and rural areas. The innovative aspect of the approach is its reliance on the combined use of very-high-resolution SAR satellite imagery (C-band, HH polarization) and hydraulic data, specifically flood return period data estimated for each point of the floodplain. This approach was tested and evaluated using two case studies of the 2011 Richelieu River flood (Canada) observed by the very-high-resolution RADARSAT-2 sensor. In both case studies, the algorithm proved capable of detecting flooding in urban areas with good accuracy, identifying approximately 87% of flooded pixels correctly. The associated false negative and false positive rates are approximately 14%. In rural areas, 97% of flooded pixels were correctly identified, with false negative rates close to 3% and false positive rates between 3% and 35%. These results highlight the capacity of flood return period data to overcome limitations associated with SAR-based flood detection in urban environments, and the relevance of their use in combination with SAR C-band imagery for precise flood extent mapping in urban and rural environments in a crisis management context.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: flood mapping; Synthetic Aperture Radar; C-band; flood return period
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 16 févr. 2018 22:01
Dernière modification: 16 févr. 2018 22:01
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6355

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