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Bioproduction of fumaric acid: an insight into microbial strain improvement strategies.


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Sebastian, Joseph; Hegde, Krishnamoorthy; Kumar, Pratik; Rouissi, Tarek et Brar, Satinder Kaur (2019). Bioproduction of fumaric acid: an insight into microbial strain improvement strategies. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology , vol. 39 , nº 6. pp. 817-834. DOI: 10.1080/07388551.2019.1620677.

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Fumaric acid (FA), a metabolic intermediate, has been identified as an important carbohydrate derived platform chemical. Currently, it is commercially sourced from petrochemicals by chemical conversion. The shift to biochemical synthesis has become essential for sustainable development and for the transition to a biobased economy from a petroleum-based economy. The main limitation is that the concentrations of FA achieved during bioproduction are lower than that from a chemical process. Moreover, the high cost associated with bioproduction necessitates a higher yield to improve the feasibility of the process. To this effect, genetic modification of microorganism can be considered as an important tool to improve FA yield. This review discusses various genetic modifications strategies that have been studied in order to improve FA production. These strategies include the development of recombinant strains of Rhizopus oryzae, Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Torulopsis glabrata as well as their mutants. The transformed strains were able to accumulate fumaric acid at a higher concentration than the corresponding wild strains but the fumaric acid titers obtained were lower than that reported with native fumaric acid producing R. oryzae strains. Moreover, one plausible adoption of gene editing tools, such as Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (AMT), CRISPR CAS-9 and RNA interference (RNAi) mediated knockout and silencing, have been proposed in order to improve fumaric acid yield. Additionally, the introduction of the glyoxylate pathway in R. oryzae to improve fumaric acid yield as well as the biosynthesis of fumarate esters have been proposed to improve the economic feasibility of the bioprocess. The adoption of some of these genetic engineering strategies may be essential to enable the development of a feasible bioproduction process.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: fumaric acid; bioproduction; genetic modification; metabolic engineering; transformation; R. oryzae; fuma
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 14:15
Dernière modification: 29 mai 2020 04:00
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9564

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