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Pangenomic antiviral effect of REP 2139 in CRISPR/Cas9 engineered cell lines expressing hepatitis B virus surface antigen


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Angelo, Léna; Vaillant, Andrew; Blanchet, Matthieu et Labonté, Patrick ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7262-3125 (2023). Pangenomic antiviral effect of REP 2139 in CRISPR/Cas9 engineered cell lines expressing hepatitis B virus surface antigen PLoS ONE , vol. 18 , nº 11. pp. 1-15. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0293167.

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Chronic hepatitis B remains a global health problem with 296 million people living with chronic HBV infection and being at risk of developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Non-infectious subviral particles (SVP) are produced in large excess over infectious Dane particles in patients and are the major source of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). They are thought to exhaust the immune system, and it is generally considered that functional cure requires the clearance of HBsAg from blood of patient. Nucleic acid polymers (NAPs) antiviral activity lead to the inhibition of HBsAg release, resulting in rapid clearance of HBsAg from circulation in vivo. However, their efficacy has only been demonstrated in limited genotypes in small scale clinical trials. HBV exists as nine main genotypes (A to I). In this study, the HBsAg ORFs from the most prevalent genotypes (A, B, C, D, E, G), which account for over 96% of human cases, were inserted into the AAVS1 safe-harbor of HepG2 cells using CRISPR/Cas9 knock-in. A cell line producing the D144A vaccine escape mutant was also engineered. The secretion of HBsAg was confirmed into these new genotype cell lines (GCLs) and the antiviral activity of the NAP REP 2139 was then assessed. The results demonstrate that REP 2139 exerts an antiviral effect in all genotypes and serotypes tested in this study, including the vaccine escape mutant, suggesting a pangenomic effect of the NAPs.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: document e0293167
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 04 janv. 2024 14:48
Dernière modification: 04 janv. 2024 14:48
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13875

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