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Rhizosphere shotgun metagenomic analyses fail to show differences between ancestral and modern wheat genotypes grown under low fertilizer inputs

Quiza, Liliana, Tremblay, Julien, Greer, Charles W., Hemmingsen, Sean M, St-Arnaud, Marc, Pozniak, Curtis J et Yergeau, Étienne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7112-3425 (2021). Rhizosphere shotgun metagenomic analyses fail to show differences between ancestral and modern wheat genotypes grown under low fertilizer inputs FEMS Microbiology Ecology , vol. 97 , nº 6. p. 1-11. DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiab071.

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Résumé

It is thought that modern wheat genotypes have lost their capacity to associate with soil microbes that would help them acquire nutrients from the soil. To test this hypothesis, ten ancestral and modern wheat genotypes were seeded in a field experiment under low fertilization conditions. The rhizosphere soil was collected, its DNA extracted and submitted to shotgun metagenomic sequencing. In contrast to our hypothesis, there was no significant difference in the global rhizosphere metagenomes of the different genotypes, and this held true when focusing the analyses on specific taxonomic or functional categories of genes. Some genes were significantly more abundant in the rhizosphere of one genotype or another, but they comprised only a small portion of the total genes identified and did not affect the global rhizosphere metagenomes. Our study shows for the first time that the rhizosphere metagenome of wheat is stable across a wide variety of genotypes when growing under nutrient poor conditions.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Functional Genes; Low Fertilization; Nutrient Cycling Microbes; Rhizosphere; Shotgun Metagenomics; Wheat
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 02:41
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 02:41
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12421

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