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Bagging and Boosting Ensemble Classifiers for Classification of Multispectral, Hyperspectral and PolSAR Data: A Comparative Evaluation.

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Jafarzadeh, Hamid, Mahdianpari, Masoud, Gill, Eri, Mohammadimanesh, Fariba et Homayouni, Saeid ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0214-5356 (2021). Bagging and Boosting Ensemble Classifiers for Classification of Multispectral, Hyperspectral and PolSAR Data: A Comparative Evaluation. Remote Sensing , vol. 13 , nº 21. p. 4405. DOI: 10.3390/rs13214405.

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Résumé

In recent years, several powerful machine learning (ML) algorithms have been developed for image classification, especially those based on ensemble learning (EL). In particular, Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) and Light Gradient Boosting Machine (LightGBM) methods have attracted researchers’ attention in data science due to their superior results compared to other commonly used ML algorithms. Despite their popularity within the computer science community, they have not yet been well examined in detail in the field of Earth Observation (EO) for satellite image classification. As such, this study investigates the capability of different EL algorithms, generally known as bagging and boosting algorithms, including Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost), Gradient Boosting Machine (GBM), XGBoost, LightGBM, and Random Forest (RF), for the classification of Remote Sensing (RS) data. In particular, different classification scenarios were designed to compare the performance of these algorithms on three different types of RS data, namely high-resolution multispectral, hyperspectral, and Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PolSAR) data. Moreover, the Decision Tree (DT) single classifier, as a base classifier, is considered to evaluate the classification’s accuracy. The experimental results demonstrated that the RF and XGBoost methods for the multispectral image, the LightGBM and XGBoost methods for hyperspectral data, and the XGBoost and RF algorithms for PolSAR data produced higher classification accuracies compared to other ML techniques. This demonstrates the great capability of the XGBoost method for the classification of different types of RS data.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: classification; ensemble classifier; bagging; boosting; multispectral; hyperspectral; PolSAR
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 févr. 2022 15:39
Dernière modification: 09 févr. 2022 15:39
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12218

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