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What is the Trade-Off between Snowpack Stratification and Simulated Snow Water Equivalent in a Physically-Based Snow Model?

Augas, Julien, Abbasnezhadi, Kian, Rousseau, Alain N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3439-2124 et Baraer, Michel (2020). What is the Trade-Off between Snowpack Stratification and Simulated Snow Water Equivalent in a Physically-Based Snow Model? Water , vol. 12 , nº 12. p. 3449. DOI: 10.3390/w12123449.

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Résumé

In Nordic watersheds, estimation of the dynamics of snow water equivalent (SWE) represents a major step toward a satisfactory modeling of the annual hydrograph. For a multilayer, physically-based snow model like MASiN (Modèle Autonome de Simulation de la Neige), the number of modeled snow layers can affect the accuracy of the simulated SWE. The objective of this study was to identify the maximum number of snow layers (MNSL) that would define the trade-off between snowpack stratification and SWE modeling accuracy. Results indicated that decreasing the MNSL reduced the SWE modeling accuracy since the thermal energy balance and the mass balance were less accurately resolved by the model. Nevertheless, from a performance standpoint, SWE modeling can be accurate enough with a MNSL of two (2), with a substantial performance drop for a MNSL value of around nine (9). Additionally, the linear correlation between the values of the calibrated parameters and the MNSL indicated that reducing the latter in MASiN increased the fresh snow density and the settlement coefficient, while the maximum radiation coefficient decreased. In this case, MASiN favored the melting process, and thus the homogenization of snow layers occurred from the top layers of the snowpack in the modeling algorithm.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: snow modeling; multilayer snow model; MASiN
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 03 févr. 2021 19:30
Dernière modification: 14 févr. 2022 16:38
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11215

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