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Regional hydrological frequency analysis at ungauged sites with random forest regression.


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Desai, Shitanshu et Ouarda, Taha B. M. J. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0969-063X (2021). Regional hydrological frequency analysis at ungauged sites with random forest regression. Journal of Hydrology , vol. 594 . p. 125861. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125861.

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Flood quantile estimation at sites with little or no data is important for the adequate planning and management of water resources. Regional Hydrological Frequency Analysis (RFA) deals with the estimation of hydrological variables at ungauged sites. Random Forest (RF) is an ensemble learning technique which uses multiple Classification and Regression Trees (CART) for classification, regression, and other tasks. The RF technique is gaining popularity in a number of fields because of its powerful non-linear and non-parametric nature. In the present study, we investigate the use of Random Forest Regression (RFR) in the estimation step of RFA based on a case study represented by data collected from 151 hydrometric stations from the province of Quebec, Canada. RFR is applied to the whole data set and to homogeneous regions of stations delineated by canonical correlation analysis (CCA). Using the Out-of-bag error rate feature of RF, the optimal number of trees for the dataset is calculated. The results of the application of the CCA based RFR model (CCA-RFR) are compared to results obtained with a number of other linear and non-linear RFA models. CCA-RFR leads to the best performance in terms of root mean squared error. The use of CCA to delineate neighborhoods improves considerably the performance of RFR. RFR is found to be simple to apply and more efficient than more complex models such as Artificial Neural Network-based models.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: canonical correlation analysis; machine learning; random forest regression; regional estimation; regional flood frequency analysis; ungauged basin
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 03 févr. 2021 19:31
Dernière modification: 10 déc. 2022 05:00
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11214

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