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The value of science: changing conceptions of scientific productivity, 1869 to circa 1970

Godin, Benoît (2009). The value of science: changing conceptions of scientific productivity, 1869 to circa 1970 Social Science Information , vol. 48 , nº 4. p. 547-586. DOI: 10.1177/0539018409344475.

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Résumé

Productivity is now a buzzword in science studies. Whether you consult the literature on research management, the economic literature on technology and innovation, the literature on bibliometrics or the official literature on science policy and its conceptual frameworks, what you find is analyses on productivity, often accompanied by a plea, and recipes, for increased productivity. This article documents how the concept of productivity got into the analysis of science, through the statistics on which the concept rested, and its transformation over one hundred years. It argues that, through history, the concept as applied to science has carried four meanings: productivity as reproduction, productivity as output, productivity as efficiency and productivity as outcome.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: économie de la science; histoire de la science; productivité scientifique; statistiques
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 13 nov. 2020 15:13
Dernière modification: 13 nov. 2020 15:13
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9869

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