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Soil fertility management and compost use in Senegal’s Peanut Basin

McClintock, Nathan; Makhtar Diop, Amadou (2005). Soil fertility management and compost use in Senegal’s Peanut Basin International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability , vol. 3 , nº 2. p. 79-91. DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2005.9684746.

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Résumé

The Jóór (Dior) soils of Senegal's Peanut Basin are inherently low in organic matter, limiting yields of millet and other crops and threatening the food security of smallholders. Focus groups and interviews were conducted in eight villages to characterise the site-specific fertility management by farmers in the Peanut Basin. Results of the qualitative survey revealed that farmers base management decisions on a series of fertility indicators that include type, colour, and texture of soil, presence of vegetation, and productivity in previous years. In an effort to equalise fertility across the field, farmers amend areas they classify as less fertile with decomposed manure and household waste from the family sëntaare (traditional pile) orwith compost from managed piles. On-site measurements of soil in areas of fields amended with compost or sëntaare material revealed significant increases in peanut and millet growth over unamended areas, but little difference between the effects of compost and manure. Similarly, chemical analysis revealed increased effective cation exchange capacity (ECEC) and nutrient concentrations (K, Mg and Al) in soils amended with compost or manure. Similarities in the chemical characteristics of compost and sëntaare material suggest that development workers could emphasise improved pile management rather than promoting more labour-intensive composting.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: compost; agriculteurs; terres; fumier; nutriments; Afrique de l'Ouest
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 17 nov. 2020 16:50
Dernière modification: 17 nov. 2020 16:50
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9737

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