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Freeze/Thaw cycle monitoring using multi-scale SMAP products and hydrothermal modeling over the Canadian tundra: Final Research Report 2015-2019.

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Bernier, Monique; Ludwig, Ralf Peter; Ratsimbazafy, Tahiana; Poulin, Jimmy; Wang, Lingxiao; Marzahn, Philip; Touati, Chaima (2019). Freeze/Thaw cycle monitoring using multi-scale SMAP products and hydrothermal modeling over the Canadian tundra: Final Research Report 2015-2019. Rapport de recherche (R1854). INRS, Centre Eau Terre Environnement, Québec.

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Résumé

The seasonal Freeze/Thaw (F/T) cycle is a major phenomenon in the climate system and plays an important role in ecosystem functioning by influencing the rate of photosynthesis and respiration of the vegetation, reducing evaporation, reducing the penetration of water into the soil and altering surface runoff. Boreal and arctic regions form a complex land cover mosaic where vegetation structure, condition and distribution are strongly regulated by environmental factors such as soil moisture and nutrient availability, permafrost, growing season length and disturbance. In these seasonally frozen environments, the growing season is determined primarily by the length of the non-frozen period. Variations in both the timing of spring thaw and the resulting growing season length have been found to have a major impact on terrestrial carbon exchange and atmospheric CO2 source/sink strength in boreal regions. The frozen soil mapping can be improved by using the NASA SMAP instrument which has a Radiometer at L-band (1.20-1.41 GHz). In fact, SMAP is able to monitor the frozen soil because of its ability to sense the soil conditions through moderate land cover. The accuracy, resolution, and global coverage of the SMAP mission make possible a systematic updating of frozen ground maps and monitoring the seasonal F/T cycle. The main purpose of this project was to enhance the Canadian Plan for SMAP related F/T products by 1) Supporting a ground network in Northern Quebec as a Cal/Val site related to F/T products in Canada; by 2) Testing and validating the SMAP data to monitor F/T state over the Tundra and the Boreal Forest in Canada; and by 3) Developing a hydrothermal model to provide soil moisture and freezing/thawing information in high spatial and temporal resolution at a watershed level. The information is crucial to better understand small scale heterogeneities of F/T related landscape features and to close the scale gap between field monitoring data and SMAP F/T products.

Type de document: Rapport
Mots-clés libres: gel-dégel; végétation; Arctique;
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 25 sept. 2020 21:16
Dernière modification: 25 sept. 2020 21:16
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9672

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