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Implication of evaporative loss estimation methods in discharge and water temperature modelling in cool temperate climates.

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Ouellet‐Proulx, Sébastien; St-Hilaire, André; Boucher, Marie‐Amélie (2019). Implication of evaporative loss estimation methods in discharge and water temperature modelling in cool temperate climates. Hydrological Processes , vol. 33 , nº 22. p. 2867-2884. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.13534.

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Résumé

Evaporative flux is a key component of hydrological budgets. Water loss through evapotranspiration reduces volumes available for run‐off. The transition from liquid to water vapour on open water surfaces requires heat. Consequently, evaporation act as a cooling mechanism during summer. Both river discharge and water temperature simulations are thus influenced by the methods used to model evaporation. In this paper, the impact of evapotranspiration estimation methods on simulated discharge is assessed using a semidistributed model on two Canadian watersheds. The impact of evaporation estimation methods on water temperature simulations is also evaluated. Finally, the validity of using the same formulation to simulate both of these processes is verified. Five well‐known evapotranspiration models and five evaporation models with different wind functions were tested. Results show a large disparity (18–22% of mean annual total evapotranspiration) among the evapotranspiration methods, leading to important differences in simulated discharge (3–25% of observed discharge). Larger differences result from evaporation estimation methods with mean annual divergences of 34–48%. This translates into a difference in mean summer water temperature of 1–15%. Results also show that the choice of model parameter has less influence than the choice of evapotranspiration method in discharge simulations. However, the parameter values influence thermal simulations in the same order of magnitude as the choice of evaporation estimation method. Overall, the results of this study suggest that evapotranspiration and open water evaporation should be represented separately in a hydrological modelling framework, especially when water temperature simulations are required.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: CEQUEAU; discharge; evaporation; evapotranspiration; modelling; water temperature
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 14:14
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2019 14:14
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9562

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