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Economic Development and Policy in Norra Norrland? The swedish periphery

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Persson, Lars Olof (2002). Economic Development and Policy in Norra Norrland? The swedish periphery Régions et économie du savoir : Regions in the Knowledge Economy . Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

There are at least three aspects that make Sweden a special country in a European context. The first aspect deals with the country’s traditional local decision-making. Of course, there are regions in Sweden that are traditionally more independent than others. They may be more apt to stimulate local co-operation, to better represent different local interests and be able to face changes and new challenges. Nation-wide, Sweden is characterised by a system of strong political decentralisation in which the municipalities (municipalities are also active in local economic development planning) have major responsibilities (for service supply and power of decision particularly in land use planning). This is important in the context of economic performance as it is expected that the closer to the people the decisions are made, the more responsive and effective the system should be. The second important aspect is Sweden’s status as a welfare State. Despite the clear evidence of diminishment of the State’s role and strong influence on a global market economy during the last decades, Sweden has succeeded in keeping a great part of the welfare system core intact. In fact, these structural changes constitute an ongoing challenge to the current planning system that is struggling to maintain a balance between the quality of life standard attained over the last century, and a series of new demands emerging from the globalisation process. The equalisation system among regions and municipalities is a mechanism that directly aims to decrease imbalances. Traditional mechanisms directed at keeping people’s quality of life are associated with new policies with a strong welfare content which means the gap between the lagging and leading areas in a regional rural context may be relatively small. When differential economic performance between regions is assessed a sensitive method that goes beyond the analysis of ‘hard factors’ is highly relevant (especially in consideration of those that are supplied by common national welfare policy). Thus, two identical indicators of infrastructure standard may tell us very little about how resources are used locally. They may hide huge differences as to how similar infrastructure is used to achieve a better economic performance.

Type de document: Rapport
Informations complémentaires: This report is largely based on DORA - DYNAMICS OF RURAL AREAS National Report – Sweden (unpublished manuscript June 2001) by Lars Olof Persson and Vânia A Ceccato Report prepared for the Peripheral Regions Workshop, Montreal, Canada October 11-13, 2001. Institut canadien de recherche sur le développement régional (ICRDR) = The canadian institute for research on regional development (CIRRD).
Mots-clés libres: région; développement régional; économie; économie régionale; tourisme; pêche; agriculture; sylviculture; emploi; Union européenne (UE); Suède
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 27 nov. 2019 19:13
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 21:02
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9539

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