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Predictor selection for downscaling GCM data with LASSO.


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Hammami, Dorra; Lee, Taesam; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Lee, Jonghyun (2012). Predictor selection for downscaling GCM data with LASSO. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres , vol. 117 , nº D17. D17116. DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017864.

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Over the last 10 years, downscaling techniques, including both dynamical (i.e., the regional climate model) and statistical methods, have been widely developed to provide climate change information at a finer resolution than that provided by global climate models (GCMs). Because one of the major aims of downscaling techniques is to provide the most accurate information possible, data analysts have tried a number of approaches to improve predictor selection, which is one of the most important steps in downscaling techniques. Classical methods such as regression techniques, particularly stepwise regression (SWR), have been employed for downscaling. However, SWR presents some limits, such as deficiencies in dealing with collinearity problems, while also providing overly complex models. Thus, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) technique, which is a penalized regression method, is presented as another alternative for predictor selection in downscaling GCM data. It may allow for more accurate and clear models that can properly deal with collinearity problems. Therefore, the objective of the current study is to compare the performances of a classical regression method (SWR) and the LASSO technique for predictor selection. A data set from 9 stations located in the southern region of Québec that includes 25 predictors measured over 29 years (from 1961 to 1990) is employed. The results indicate that, due to its computational advantages and its ease of implementation, the LASSO technique performs better than SWR and gives better results according to the determination coefficient and the RMSE as parameters for comparison.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: downscaling; least absolute shrinkage and selection operator; predictor selection; root mean square error; stepwise regression
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 14:30
Dernière modification: 07 déc. 2020 14:37
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9537

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