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Are Central Business Districts(CBDS) Really Declining? An Analysis for U.S. and Canadian Urban Areas

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Polèse, Mario; Chapain, Caroline (2000). Are Central Business Districts(CBDS) Really Declining? An Analysis for U.S. and Canadian Urban Areas Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

We shall examine the relative position of CBDs for thirty-two metropolitan areas in the United States and Canada from 1980 to 1995, using a centrality index based on the ratio (CBD / Suburbs) of rental prices for office space. As we shall see, no universal trend to CBD decline is discernable; major differences exist between cities and groups of cities. We shall attempt to explain observed differences in CBD centrality, using a regression model. We argue that observed differences are very sensitive to public policy and local conditions; specifically, that the relative weakness of CBDs in many U.S. urban areas is the result, not only of market forces, but also of public policy. We begin with a brief review of the literature where we attempt to demonstrate why there is no necessary contradiction between a strong CBD (or downtown-focused urban form) and the observed decentralization of economic activity.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Mots-clés libres: villes; zones d'aimant; États Unis; Canada
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 21:22
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 21:22
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9422

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