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Diversity and Employment Growth in Canada, 1971-2001: Speciality, Diversity and Restructuring

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Shearmur, Richard; Polèse, Mario (2004). Diversity and Employment Growth in Canada, 1971-2001: Speciality, Diversity and Restructuring Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

In this paper, we explore the link between diversity in the local economy and subsequent employment growth. To do so, we first examine diversification trends between 1971 and 2001 across 382 Canadian regions (urban and rural). We then examine whether or not the more diversified regions display faster employment growth. Although they do—which is evidence of the effect of urbanization economies—an analysis of changes in economic structure suggests that the link between the process of diversification and employment growth is complex. Because specialization can also lead to employment growth, and because the link between the process of diversification and employment growth is not systematic, we suggest that diversification policies will be difficult to implement successfully. We also emphasize the importance of distinguishing between diversity and speciality. Diversity is measured at the level of a regional economy. Speciality is sometimes interpretedas being sector-specific (and as such, is not directly related to diversity), but is sometimes interpreted as characterizing a regional economy (and as such, is the opposite of diversity).

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Mots-clés libres: économies d’agglomération; diversification; spécialisation; structure économique régionale, Canada; agglomeration economies; specialization; regional economic structure
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 20:48
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 20:48
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9397

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