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Keno Capitalism ? The Spatial Co-Location of Activities in Eight Canadian Cities

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Shearmur, Richard (2006). Keno Capitalism ? The Spatial Co-Location of Activities in Eight Canadian Cities Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

There are currently two somewhat contradictory approaches to the study of the spatial economies of cities. On the one hand, some researchers have claimed that Keno capitalism – the increasingly random distribution of activities across space – is on the rise (Dear and Flusty, 2001). Others have observed that employment is scattering across space (Gordon and Richardson, 1996), or locating in formless, “edgeless”, cities (Lang, 2003). But on the other hand much work is being performed on spatial structures, specifically on the spatial clustering of sectors or firms (Hutton, 2004 ; Britton, 2003) and activities (Garreau, 1991 ; Shearmur and Coffey, 2002a) at the intra-metropolitan level. This type of work draws upon ideas developed in the literature on networks, innovation and local agglomeration economies : the spatial clustering of sectors is seen as a possible indicator of interdependencies between them. In this paper we seek to explore, at the metropolitan scale, the extent to which broad economic sectors co-locate. Two questions are asked : first, within the eight largest Canadian metropolitan areas, do the same types of sectors tend to co-locate ? Second, if similar sectors tend to co-locate, are these clusters similarly distributed over metropolitan space within each of the metropolitan areas ? We find that common clusters emerge across the metropolitan areas, and that these clusters are located similarly within each metropolitan area. We identify two different types of cluster, only one of which can be interpreted as a sign of interdependencies between sectors. Similar land use patterns and planning regulations are other factors that may explain the clustering of sectors : these explanations are unrelated to inter-sectoral dynamics. These spatial regularities are incompatible with the idea of Keno capitalism.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Mots-clés libres: activité économique; spécificité; economic activity; regularities; structures; general processes; specificities; unique features
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 20:32
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 20:32
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9383

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