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Spatial Functional Specializations within Industries: Implications for Local Employment Creation. Case Study of the Electricity Sector in Canada, 1971-2001

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Brunelle, Cédric; Polèse, Mario (2007). Spatial Functional Specializations within Industries: Implications for Local Employment Creation. Case Study of the Electricity Sector in Canada, 1971-2001 Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

Empirical studies of location have generally focused on industries; less so on the location of functions within industries. This paper looks at the electricity sector in Canada from 1971 to 2001, using a center-periphery model. The industry is vertically integrated: power generation, distribution, and retailing are mainly done by a single firm. Location patterns are thus examined for occupational groups within the industry: production workers, management, scientific personnel, etc. The spatial distribution of occupations is found to be generally consistent with center-periphery relationships. However, differences exist depending on power sources: fossil fuels, hydro, nuclear, etc. The choice of energy is not without consequence for local economies. The paper also finds growing functional specialization between large metropolitan areas and non-metropolitan locations.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Mots-clés libres: développement régional; économie régionale; énergie; fonctions; Canada; regional development; regional economics; energy; functions
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 20:17
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 20:17
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9346

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