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Like oil and water ? Regional innovation policy and regional development policy

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Shearmur, Richard; Bonnet, Nicolas (2010). Like oil and water ? Regional innovation policy and regional development policy Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

Much recent work on innovation and regions takes as a starting point Marshallian districts, which have been variously updated by concepts such as clusters, regional innovation systems and learning regions. The basic premise is that certain regional dynamics are conducive to innovation. By a leap of logic this work has inspired regional development agencies, which regularly implement local innovation policies that are intended to stimulate local economic development. However, there is no necessary connection between local innovativeness and local development: indeed, it is quite possible that innovation in region A leads to growth (of employment and income) in region B, particularly if region B is better suited to developing the economic potential of innovations. In this paper the conceptual underpinnings of this argument will be developed, and an exploratory empirical analysis undertaken. Using Canadian data (patent applications and census data for 203 urban labor market areas) this paper explores whether there is a connection between local applications (taken as an indicator of local innovative activity) and local employment and income growth (taken as measures of local development). The results show that there is virtually no connection between local innovation and local development, and that local development is closely connected with access to markets, local industrial structure and widerscale regional factors.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Mots-clés libres: innovation; développement régional; développement local; territoire; politiques; Canada; regional development; local development; territory; policy
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 19:35
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 19:35
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9271

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