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Under close watch provincial mediation in federal-municipal relations : the case of Quebec

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Collin, Jean-Pierre; Bérubé, Harold; Labrecque, Annie-Claude; Audette-Chapdelaine, Marianne (2010). Under close watch provincial mediation in federal-municipal relations : the case of Quebec Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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Résumé

Without going into the full history of Quebec’s municipal system, it is useful to recall that, under Section 92 of the British North America Act, municipalities are an area of provincial responsibility. This means, to use the recognized expression, that municipalities are the ―creatures‖ of the provinces. From a legal standpoint, the municipalities’ existence and the powers they have been allotted depend on the will of the provincial government. Nevertheless, municipalities do have some autonomy, as demonstrated, for example, by the weight of municipal-sourced financing in inter-governmental arrangements surrounding infrastructure projects. Constitutional prohibitions notwithstanding, does this autonomy not open the way to direct relations between federal authorities and the municipal sector? In the first part of this paper, we note the fact that in Quebec, as a general rule, municipal-federal relations are the object of very strict and unavoidable oversight and control, except in the case of the management offederal assets — which we l illustrate with two examples. In the second part of the paper, we define the nature of the Quebec provincial government’s role in other public policy areas covered within the framework the Public Policy in Municipalities (―Politiques publiques et municipalités‖ — PPM) research initiative. Finally, we attempt to explain a mode of management that appears less as a form of mediation in municipal-federal relations than as a strict regulation of intergovernmental relations. These relations nonetheless sometimes occur in a less formalized fashion — which we again illustrate with two examples.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Informations complémentaires: Contributed Paper for publication in Complexities of Governance: Multilevel Governance in Canada’s Provinces, edited by Robert Young, to be published in 2011, University of Toronto Press
Mots-clés libres: gouvernance multi-niveau; médiation provinciale; fédéralisme canadien; Québec; municipalités; multi-level governance; provincial mediation; canadian federalism; municipalities.
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 19:23
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 19:23
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9257

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