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Gold associated with Neoarchean alkaline intrusion, Lac Bachelor, Abitibi, Canada.

Fayol, Noémie; Azevedo, Christophe; Bigot, Ludovic; Jébrak, Michel; Harris, Lyal B. (2013). Gold associated with Neoarchean alkaline intrusion, Lac Bachelor, Abitibi, Canada. In: Goldschmidt 2013, 25-30 août 2013, Florence, Italie.

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Résumé

Recent alkaline intrusion-related gold deposits have been recognized worldwide (e.g. Cripple Creek, Ladolam). Similar Neoarchean deposits are now recognized in the Canadian Superior Province but their metallogeny is still misunderstood; the Lac Bachelor gold deposit is a key example. It is located within the Desmaraisville basin, a “Timiskaming-type” basin in the Abitibi Greenstone Belt Where it is hosted by a volcano-sedimentary assemblage, mafic and felsic intrusions, and associated with regional NE-SW oblique-slip faults. Gold mineralization is located on the margin of the O’Brien stock, a polyphase alkaline quartz-syenite body which intrudes andesite and tuff. It displays porphyritic and equigranular textures. Injections of aplitic dykes occurred in late events. The O’Brien stock is mainly composed of Na- and K-feldspars, quartz, and mafic minerals. Purple fluorite is present, both disseminated in the syenite and in quartz-fluorite-pyrite veins that appears as comagmatic. The Lac Bachelor gold deposit is characterized by several mineralized zones among which the Main zone (ZP) and the B zone (ZB) are the most economically important. A porphyry-style mineralization is present at the stock margin with quartz, quartzmagnetite, quart-fluorite, and pyrite stockwork. Subhorizontal quartz-fluorite veins extend into the host rocks proximal to the stock. The Main and B zones are mainly localized in tuffs at the edges of the pluton and follow pre-existing discontinuities. Gold occurs in association with disseminated pyrite, magnetite, haematite, and rare chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite. In the ZP and lesser in the ZB, the magnetite is oxidized into haematite. Gold is present in highly altered (haematite-carbonate) zones associated with disseminated pyrite. The ZB is less haematized than the ZP, which is consistent with the timing: structural relations between these zones suggest that the ZB was formed first and the ZP occurred after. The hydrothermal event is clearly related to the intrusion of the O’Brien syenite. However, fluids appear to have followed preexisting discontinuities that focused mineralization. Results illustrate the complementary roles of magmatic and structural controls during the mineralization processes.

Type de document: Document issu d'une conférence ou d'un atelier
Mots-clés libres: or; intrusion alcaline; archéen; Abitibi-Témiscamingue
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 nov. 2020 20:27
Dernière modification: 19 nov. 2020 20:27
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4404

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