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Partitioning of trace metals before and after biological removal of metals from sediments.

Chartier, Myriam; Mercier, Guy; Blais, Jean-François (2001). Partitioning of trace metals before and after biological removal of metals from sediments. Water Research , vol. 35 , nº 6. p. 1435-1444. DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00404-8.

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Résumé

Metal removal by biological solubilization in three strongly contaminated sediments was carried out in a two-liter stirred bioreactor. Biological treatment yielded metal removal efficiencies in the range of 11–30%, 43–57%, 60–79%, 61–90%, 18–21%, 0–10% for Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd, Ni and Cr, respectively. The treated sediments were then rinsed with a NaCl solution (0.5 M), resulting in an increase by nearly 47% in Pb removal for the three sediments, while for other metals (Cu, Zn, Cd, Ni, Cr), the NaCl rinse did not seem to allow any significant increase in metal solubilization. A standard procedure of sequential selective extraction (SSE) was applied to the sediments before and after each treatment. With regard to Pb, Zn and Cd, the carbonate bound fractions (2/3 sediments) represented 18–42% of metals prior to treatment, while the iron and manganese oxides bound fraction constituted 39–60% of metals for the three sediments. Between 90 and 100% of Pb, Zn and Cd removed by the process came from the fractions bound to carbonates and from those bound to Fe and Mn oxides. The organic matter and sulfide bound fractions contained 65–72% of total Cu present before treatment and the process removed, on average, 63% Cu present in this fraction. In contrast, Ni and Cr were found mainly in the residual fractions (50–80%). Finally, this biological treatment did not solubilize Cr appreciably, while removal of Ni mostly originated from the carbonate and Fe/Mn oxides fractions (70–80%).

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: trace metal; sediment; speciation; bioleaching; thiobacilli; leaching; solubilize; SSE
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 20:21
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 20:21
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11121

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