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Multiphase transfer processes in waste rock piles producing acid mine drainage: 1: Conceptual model and system characterization.

Lefebvre, René; Hockley, Daryl; Smolensky, Jason; Gélinas, Pierre (2001). Multiphase transfer processes in waste rock piles producing acid mine drainage: 1: Conceptual model and system characterization. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology , vol. 52 , nº 1-4. p. 137-164. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00156-5.

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Résumé

Acid mine drainage (AMD) results from the oxidation of sulfides, mainly pyrite, present in mine wastes, either mill tailings or waste rock. This is the first of two papers describing the coupled physical processes taking place in waste rock piles undergoing AMD production. Since the oxidation of pyrite involves the consumption of oxygen and the production of heat, the oxidation process initiates coupled processes of gas transfer by diffusion and convection as well as heat transfer. These processes influence the supply of oxygen that is required to sustain the oxidation process. This first paper describes a general conceptual model of the interaction of these coupled transfer processes. This general conceptual model is illustrated by the physicochemical conditions observed at two large sites where extensive characterization programs revealed widely different properties. The South Dump of the Doyon mine in Canada is permeable and has a high pyrite oxidation rate leading to high temperatures (over 65 °C), thus making temperature-driven air convection the main oxygen supply mechanism. The Nordhalde of the Ronnenberg mining district in Germany contains lower permeability material which is less reactive, thus leading to a more balanced contribution of gaseous diffusion and convection as oxygen supply mechanisms. The field characterization and monitoring data at these sites were thoroughly analyzed to yield two coherent sets of representative physical properties. These properties are used in the second paper as a basis for applications of numerical simulation in AMD-producing waste rock piles.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: acid mine drainage; pyrite; gas convection; gaseous diffusion; heat transfer; site characterization
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 19:49
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 19:49
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11114

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