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Cinétique de biolixiviation d'un résidu minier de pyrite en présence d'effluents organiques utilisés comme milieu de culture pour Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans.

Drogui, Patrick; Picher, Stéphane; Mercier, Guy; Blais, Jean-François (2003). Cinétique de biolixiviation d'un résidu minier de pyrite en présence d'effluents organiques utilisés comme milieu de culture pour Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. Environmental Technology , vol. 24 , nº 11. p. 1413-1423. DOI: 10.1080/09593330309385685.

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Résumé

In this study, the results of the leaching of metal sulphide concentrate using organic wastes as culture media for Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans are summarized. These results indicate that the liquid fraction of municipal sewage sludge, paper mill sludge and pig manure, containing 10 % (w v−1) pulp density of a pyritic mine waste concentrate can support the growth of the leaching bacteria and allow metal solubilization. The inhibition by dissolved organic carbon (DOC) appeared when the concentration in pig manure liquid fraction and sewage sludge filtrate is higher than 180 mg 1−1 and 500 mg l−1, respectively. However, increase in organic concentration up to 650 mg l−1 using paper mill sludge supernatant had no inhibitory effect on the bacterial growth. An important decrease of the DOC has been measured during all bioleaching tests. The organic matter was probably consumed by heterotrophic microorganisms activity. The growth rate of the iron‐oxidizing bacteria varied from 0.05 to 0.07 h−1. The dissolution of pyrite (FeS2) in organic waste media led to a yield of Fe solubilization of about 35 %. Copper and zinc were also solubilized during the bioleaching tests. The yields of Cu and Zn solubilization ranged from 12 to 24 %.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: bioleaching; pyrite; pig manure; sludge; Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 14:00
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 14:00
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11076

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