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Sensitivity analysis of a deterministic water temperature model to forest canopy and soil temperature in Catamaran Brook (New Brunswick, Canada).

St-Hilaire, André; El-Jabi, Nassir; Caissie, Daniel; Morin, Guy (2003). Sensitivity analysis of a deterministic water temperature model to forest canopy and soil temperature in Catamaran Brook (New Brunswick, Canada). Hydrological Processes , vol. 17 , nº 10. p. 2033-2047. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.1242.

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Résumé

A coupled deterministic hydrological and water temperature model, CEQUEAU, was modified to include soil temperature and crown closure in its calculation of local advective terms in the heat budget. The modified model was than tested to verify its sensitivity to these modifications. An analysis of the heat budget of a small forested catchment in eastern Canada revealed that the advective term related to interflow plays a significant role in the daily water heat budget, providing on average 28% of the local advective budget (which also includes advective heat terms from surface runoff and groundwater) and nearly 14% of the total heat budget (which includes all radiative terms at the water surface, convection and evaporation, as well as the local advective terms).

Relative sensitivity indices (RSIs) were used to verify the impact of the newly introduced parameters and variables. Among them, parameters related to the forest cover (crown closure and leaf area index) have a maximum RSI of −0·6; i.e. a 100% increase in value produces a 60% decrease in the local advective term. Parameters with the greatest influence are the volume of water contributing to interflow and the amplitude of the net radiative flux at the soil surface, which, if doubled, would double the contribution of the local interflow advective term to the heat budget.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: water temperature; model; CEQUEAU; relative sensitivity
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 16:16
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 16:16
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11052

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