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Determination of flood seasonality from hydrological records / Détermination de la saisonnalité des crues à partir de séries hydrologiques.

Cunderlik, Juraj M.; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Bobée, Bernard (2004). Determination of flood seasonality from hydrological records / Détermination de la saisonnalité des crues à partir de séries hydrologiques. Hydrological Sciences Journal , vol. 49 , nº 3. p. 511-526. DOI: 10.1623/hysj.49.3.511.54351.

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Résumé

The identification of flood seasonality is a procedure with many practical applications in hydrology and water resources management. Several statistical methods for capturing flood seasonality have emerged during the last decade. So far, however, little attention has been paid to the uncertainty involved in the use of these methods, as well as to the reliability of their estimates. This paper compares the performance of annual maximum (AM) and peaks-over-threshold (POT) sampling models in flood seasonality estimation. Flood seasonality is determined by two most frequently used methods, one based on directional statistics (DS) and the other on the distribution of monthly relative frequencies of flood occurrence (RF). The performance is evaluated for the AM and three common POT sampling models depending on the estimation method, flood seasonality type and sample record length. The results demonstrate that the POT models outperform the AM model in most analysed scenarios. The POT sampling provides significantly more information on flood seasonality than the AM sampling. For certain flood seasonality types, POT samples can lead to estimation uncertainty that is found in up to ten-times longer AM samples. The performance of the RF method does not depend on the flood seasonality type as much as that of the DS method, which performs poorly on samples generated from complex seasonality distributions.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: flood seasonality; annual maximum; peaks-over-threshold; performance evaluation; saisonnalité des crues; maximum annuel; dépassement; évaluation de performance
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 janv. 2021 15:13
Dernière modification: 11 janv. 2021 15:13
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11045

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