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Contrasting effects of chloride on the toxicity of silver to two green algae, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

Lee, Dae-Young; Fortin, Claude; Campbell, Peter G. C. (2005). Contrasting effects of chloride on the toxicity of silver to two green algae, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Aquatic Toxicology , vol. 75 , nº 2. p. 127-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2005.06.011.

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Résumé

Short-term silver toxicity was determined for two freshwater algae, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, in the presence and absence of chloride. Silver speciation in the exposure media was controlled and algal growth was measured over 6 h. For P. subcapitata, an alga with low Ag uptake fluxes, silver toxicity could be predicted on the basis of the free Ag+ concentration, in the presence or absence of significant complexation by chloride ions, as predicted by the biotic ligand model (BLM). For C. reinhardtii, an alga with high Ag uptake fluxes, silver toxicity was better predicted by the concentration of all labile dissolved Ag species than by free silver, a result that is consistent with diffusion through the unstirred layer surrounding the cell surface being the rate-limiting step in silver uptake. For both species, growth inhibition could be predicted on the basis of the Ag intracellular quota in the presence or absence of chloride, indicating that silver toxicity is a direct result of intracellular accumulation rather than cell surface interactions.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: biotic ligand model; intracellular metal; growth inhibition; phytoplankton; silver; speciation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 janv. 2021 15:30
Dernière modification: 11 janv. 2021 15:30
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10999

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