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Sub-cellular partitioning of cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc in indigenous yellow perch (Perca flavescens) sampled along a polymetallic gradient.

Giguère, Anik; Campbell, Peter G. C.; Hare, Landis; Couture, Patrice (2006). Sub-cellular partitioning of cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc in indigenous yellow perch (Perca flavescens) sampled along a polymetallic gradient. Aquatic Toxicology , vol. 77 , nº 2. p. 178-189. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2005.12.001.

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Résumé

Sub-cellular metal distributions were studied in indigenous yellow perch (Perca flavescens) collected from eight lakes located along a cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) concentration gradient. Ambient dissolved metal concentrations were measured to evaluate exposure and total hepatic metal concentrations were determined as a measure of metal bioaccumulation. Metal partitioning among potentially metal-sensitive fractions (cytosolic enzymes, organelles) and detoxified metal fractions (metallothionein) was determined after differential centrifugation of fish liver homogenates. Major proportions of hepatic Cd and Cu were found in the heat-stable cytosolic peptides and proteins fraction (HSP), a fraction including metallothioneins, whereas the potentially metal-sensitive heat-denaturable proteins fraction (HDP) was the largest contributor to the total Ni and Zn burdens. The concentrations of Cd, Cu and Ni (but not Zn) in each sub-cellular fraction increased along the metal contamination gradient, but the relative contributions of each fraction to the total burden of each of these metals remained generally constant. For these chronically exposed fish there was no threshold exposure concentration below which binding of Cd or Ni to the heat-denaturable protein fraction did not occur. The presence of Cd and Ni in the HDP fraction, even for low chronic exposure concentrations, suggests that metal detoxification was imperfect, i.e. that P. flavescens was subject to some metal-related stress even under these conditions.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: fish; metallothionein; chronic toxicity; detoxification; mitochondria; metals; differential centrifugation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 15:51
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 15:51
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10965

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