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Visualization of TCE recovery mechanisms using surfactant–polymer solutions in a two-dimensional heterogeneous sand model.

Robert, Thomas; Martel, Richard; Conrad, Stephen H.; Lefebvre, René; Gabriel, Uta (2006). Visualization of TCE recovery mechanisms using surfactant–polymer solutions in a two-dimensional heterogeneous sand model. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology , vol. 86 , nº 1-2. p. 3-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.02.013.

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Résumé

This research focused on the optimization of TCE dissolution in a physical two-dimensional model providing a realistic representation of a heterogeneous granular aquifer. TCE was infiltrated in the sand pack where it resided both in pools and in zones of residual saturation. Surfactant was initially injected at low concentration to minimize TCE remobilization at first contact but was incrementally increased later during the experiment. Xanthan gum was added to the injected surfactant solution to optimize the sweep efficiency through the heterogeneous medium. Photographs and digital image analysis illustrated the interactions between TCE and the injected fluids. During the polymer flood, the effects of heterogeneities inside the sand pack were greatly reduced by the increased fluid viscosity and the shear-thinning effects of the polymer. The polymer also improved the contact between the TCE ganglia and the surfactant–polymer solution, thereby promoting dissolution. Surfactants interacted with the polymer reducing the overall viscosity of the solution. At first contact with a 0.5%mass surfactant solution, the TCE pools drained and some remobilization occurred. However, no TCE bank was formed and TCE did not penetrate into any previously uncontaminated areas. As a result, TCE surface area was increased. Subsequent surfactant floods at higher surfactant concentrations did not trigger more remobilization. TCE was mainly dissolved by the solution with the highest surfactant concentration. Plugging from bacterial growth or microgel formation associated to the polymer at the inflow screen prevented the full completion of the experiment. However, more than 90% of TCE was recovered with the circulation of less than 6 pore volumes of surfactant–polymer solution.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: heterogeneous sand model; surfactants; Xanthan; gravity number; TCE; density flow
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 14:52
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 14:52
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10936

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