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Instream flow determination using a multiple input fuzzy-based rule system: a case study.

Ahmadi-Nedushan, Behrouz; St-Hilaire, André; Bérubé, Michel; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Robichaud, Élaine (2008). Instream flow determination using a multiple input fuzzy-based rule system: a case study. River Research and Applications , vol. 24 , nº 3. p. 279-292. DOI: 10.1002/rra.1059.

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Résumé

The attempts made to manage water to meet human requirements should also consider the needs of freshwater species and ecosystems. There are many tools available to assess instream flow needs, one of which is the use of habitat preference models. In this study, a fuzzy approach was used for modelling habitat preferences for two life stages of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Experienced fish biologists and technicians contributed to the development of fuzzy sets and fuzzy preference rules for spawning and parr habitat. Fuzzy sets were defined for water depth, velocity and substrate composition. Fuzzy preference rules for the two life stages were then defined as sets of IF-THEN rules relating the physical attributes to habitat suitability. The fuzzy suitability indices are then used to obtain weighted usable area (WUA) at different discharges and to estimate the ecologic flow required to preserve habitat. Different methods are applied to combine the membership function and rules defined by the experts. A sensitivity analysis of rules of the combined system indicated that a limited number of rules are determinant and results are highly dependent on the consequences of these rules. A modification in the consequence of these rules can significantly alter WUA estimations. It is therefore recommended to combine the knowledge of many experts in the elicitation process and to quantify the uncertainty associated with the combination of expert knowledge.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Atlantic salmon; fuzzy set; habitat preference; model
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 19:44
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 19:44
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10885

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