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Groundwater flow and contaminant transport modelling at an air weapons range.

Bordeleau, Geneviève; Martel, Richard; Schäfer, Dirk; Ampleman, Guy; Thiboutot, Sonia (2008). Groundwater flow and contaminant transport modelling at an air weapons range. Environmental Geology , vol. 55 , nº 2. p. 385-396. DOI: 10.1007/s00254-007-0984-3.

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Résumé

Numerical modelling was done at the Cold Lake Air Weapons Range, Canada, to test whether the dissolved RDX and nitrate detected in groundwater come from the same sources, and to predict whether contamination poses a threat to the surface water receptors near the site. Military live fire training activities may indeed pose a risk of contamination to groundwater resources, however field investigations on military bases are quite recent, and little information is available on the long-term behaviour of munition residues related contaminants. Very limited information was available about the contaminant source zones, which were assigned based on our knowledge of current training activities. The RDX plume was well represented with the model, but the heterogeneous distribution of nitrate concentrations was more difficult to reproduce. It was nonetheless determined that both contaminants originate from the same areas. According to the model, both contaminants should reach the nearby river, but concentrations in the river should remain very low if the source zone concentration does not change. Finally, the model allowed the recommendation of a new location for the main bombing target, which would offer added protection to the river and the lake into which it flows.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: groundwater modelling; RDX; nitrate; air weapons range
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 20:21
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 20:21
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10870

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