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A framework to estimate sediment loads using distributions with covariates: Beaurivage River watershed (Québec, Canada).

Mailhot, Alain; Rousseau, Alain N.; Talbot, Guillaume; Gagnon, Patrick; Quilbé, Renaud (2008). A framework to estimate sediment loads using distributions with covariates: Beaurivage River watershed (Québec, Canada). Hydrological Processes , vol. 22 , nº 26. p. 4971-4985. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7103.

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Résumé

A framework to estimate sediment loads based on the statistical distribution of sediment concentrations and various functional forms relating distribution characteristics (e.g. mean and variance) to covariates is developed. The covariates are used as surrogates to represent the main processes involved in sediment generation and transport. Statistical models of increasing complexity are built and compared to assess their relative performance using available sediment concentration and covariate data. Application to the Beaurivage River watershed (Québec, Canada) is conducted using data for the 1989–2004 period. The covariates considered in this application are streamflow and calendar day. A comparison of different statistical models shows that, in this case, the log‐normal distribution with a mean value depending on streamflow (power law with an additive term) and calendar day (sinusoidal), a constant coefficient of variation for streamflow dependence and a constant standard deviation for calendar day dependence provide the best result. Model parameters are estimated using the maximum likelihood estimation technique. The selected model is then used to estimate the distribution of annual sediment loads for the Beaurivage River watershed for a selected period. A bootstrap parametric method is implemented to account for uncertainties in parameter values and to build the distributions of annual loads. Comparison of model results with estimates obtained using the empirical ratio estimator shows that the latter were rarely within the 0·1–0·9 quantile interval of the distributions obtained with the proposed approach.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: sediment; annual loads; statistical distribution; covariates; uncertainty; streamflow; calendar day
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 janv. 2021 16:54
Dernière modification: 11 janv. 2021 16:54
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10845

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