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2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene in soil and groundwater under a waste lagoon at the former Explosives Factory Maribyrnong (EFM), Victoria, Australia.

Martel, Richard; Robertson, Timothy James; Doan, Minh Quan; Thiboutot, Sonia; Ampleman, Guy; Provatas, Arthur; Jenkins, Thomas (2008). 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene in soil and groundwater under a waste lagoon at the former Explosives Factory Maribyrnong (EFM), Victoria, Australia. Environmental Geology , vol. 53 , nº 6. p. 1249-1259. DOI: 10.1007/s00254-007-0713-y.

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Résumé

Energetic materials contamination was investigated at the former Explosives Factory Maribyrnong, Victoria, Australia. Spectrophotometric/high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis was utilised to delineate a 5 tonne crystalline 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) source in a former process waste lagoon that was found to be supplying contaminant leachate to the surficial clay aquitard with a maximum-recorded concentration of 7.0 ppm TNT. Groundwater within underlying sand and gravel aquifers was found to be uncontaminated due to upward hydraulic gradients resulting in slow plume development and propagation. Adsorption and microcosm test results from a parallel study were used as input parameters to simulate aqueous TNT transport in the clay aquitard using ATRANS20 software. The simulated TNT plume was localised within a few metres of the source, and at steady state, though leaching rate calculations suggest that without mitigation or other changes to the system, persistence of the source would be approximately 2,000 years. Remediation strategies may involve removal of the near surface source zone and infilling with an impermeable capping to impede leaching while facilitating ongoing natural attenuation by anaerobic degradation.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: TNT; 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene; ATRANS20; groundwater; site; contamination; lagoon
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 16:07
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 16:07
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10843

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