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Influence of Prey Type on Nickel and Thallium Assimilation, Subcellular Distribution and Effects in Juvenile Fathead Minnows (Pimephales promelas).

Lapointe, Dominique; Gentès, Sophie; Ponton, Dominic E.; Hare, Landis; Couture, Patrice (2009). Influence of Prey Type on Nickel and Thallium Assimilation, Subcellular Distribution and Effects in Juvenile Fathead Minnows (Pimephales promelas). Environmental Science & Technology , vol. 43 , nº 22. p. 8665-8670. DOI: 10.1021/es901929m.

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Résumé

Because fish take up metals from prey, it is important to measure factors controlling metal transfer between these trophic levels so as to explain metal bioaccumulation and effects in fish. To achieve this, we exposed two types of invertebrates, an oligochaete (Tubifex tubifex) and a crustacean (Daphnia magna), to environmentally relevant concentrations of two important contaminants, nickel (Ni) and thallium (Tl), and fed these prey to juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). We then measured the assimilation efficiency (AE), subcellular distribution and effects of these metals in fish. Fish assimilated dietary Tl more efficiently from D. magna than from T. tubifex, and more efficiently than Ni, regardless of prey type. However, the proportion of metal bound to prey subcellular fractions that are likely to be trophically available (TAM) had no significant influence on the efficiency with which fish assimilated Ni or Tl. In fish, the majority of their Ni and Tl was bound to subcellular fractions that are purportedly detoxified, and prey type had a significant influence on the proportion of detoxified Ni and Tl in fish. We measured higher activities of cytochrome C oxidase and glutathione S-transferase in fish fed D. magna compared to fish fed T. tubifex, regardless of the presence or absence of Ni or Tl in prey. However, we measured decreased activities of glutathione S-transferase and nucleoside diphosphate kinase in fish fed Tl-contaminated D. magna compared to fish from the three other treatment levels.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: animal derived food; peptides and proteins; metals; antioxidants; nickel
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 19:50
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 19:50
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10766

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