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Growth and photoprotection in three dinoflagellates (including two strains of Alexandrium tamarense) and one diatom exposed to four weeks of natural and enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation.

Laurion, Isabelle; Roy, Suzanne (2009). Growth and photoprotection in three dinoflagellates (including two strains of Alexandrium tamarense) and one diatom exposed to four weeks of natural and enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation. Journal of Phycology , vol. 45 , nº 1. p. 16-33. DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2008.00618.x.

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Résumé

Long‐term growth response to natural solar radiation with enhanced ultraviolet‐B (UVB) exposure was examined in two species of dinoflagellates [Alexandrium tamarense (M. Lebour) Balech, At, and Heterocapsa triquetra (Ehrenb.) F. Stein, Ht], including two strains of A. tamarense, one from Spain and another from UK, and one diatom species (Thalassiosira pseudonana Hasle et Heimdal). We examined whether variable photoprotection (mycosporine‐like amino acids [MAAs] and xanthophyll‐cycle pigments) affected photosynthetic performance, phytoplankton light absorption, and growth. Growth rate was significantly reduced under enhanced UVB for the UK strain of At and for Ht (both grew very little) as well as for the diatom (that maintained high growth rates), but there was no effect for the Spanish strain of At. MAA concentration was high in the dinoflagellates, but undetectable in the diatom, which instead used the xanthophyll cycle for photoprotection. The highest cell concentrations of MAAs and photoprotective pigments were observed in the UK strain of At, along with lowest growth rates and Fv/Fm, indicating high stress levels. In contrast, the Spanish strain showed progressive acclimation to the experimental conditions, with no significant difference in growth between treatments. Increase in total MAAs followed linearly the cumulative UVB of the preceding day, and both total and primary MAAs were maintained at higher constitutive levels in this strain. Acclimation to enhanced UVB in the diatom resulted in an increase in PSII activity and reduction in nonphotochemical quenching, indicating an increased resistance to photoinhibition after a few weeks. All four species showed increased phytoplankton light absorption under enhanced UVB. Large intrastrain differences suggest a need to consider more closely intraspecific variability in UV studies.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Alexandrium tamarense; Heterocapsa triquetra; intraspecific variability; MAAs; PAM; photoacclimation; quantum yield of PSII photochemistry; Thalassiosira pseudonana; xanthophyll cycle
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 20:17
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 20:17
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10765

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