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Remediation of metal-contaminated urban soil using flotation technique.

Dermont, Gérald; Bergeron, Mario; Richer-Laflèche, Marc; Mercier, Guy (2010). Remediation of metal-contaminated urban soil using flotation technique. Science of The Total Environment , vol. 408 , nº 5. p. 1199-1211. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.036.

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Résumé

A soil washing process using froth flotation technique was evaluated for the removal of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc from a highly contaminated urban soil (brownfield) after crushing of the particle-size fractions > 250 µm. The metal contaminants were in particulate forms and distributed in all the particle-size fractions. The particle-by-particle study with SEM-EDS showed that Zn was mainly present as sphalerite (ZnS), whereas Cu and Pb were mainly speciated as various oxide/carbonate compounds. The influence of surfactant collector type (non-ionic and anionic), collector dosage, pulp pH, a chemical activation step (sulfidization), particle size, and process time on metal removal efficiency and flotation selectivity was studied. Satisfactory results in metal recovery (42–52%), flotation selectivity (concentration factor > 2.5), and volume reduction (> 80%) were obtained with anionic collector (potassium amyl xanthate). The transportation mechanisms involved in the separation process (i.e., the true flotation and the mechanical entrainment) were evaluated by the pulp chemistry, the metal speciation, the metal distribution in the particle-size fractions, and the separation selectivity indices of Zn/Ca and Zn/Fe. The investigations showed that a great proportion of metal-containing particles were recovered in the froth layer by entrainment mechanism rather than by true flotation process. The non-selective entrainment mechanism of the fine particles (< 20 μm) caused a flotation selectivity drop, especially with a long flotation time (> 5 min) and when a high collector dose is used. The intermediate particle-size fraction (20–125 μm) showed the best flotation selectivity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: brownfield; contaminated soils; metals; speciation; remediation; froth flotation; soil washing
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 16:41
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 16:41
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10721

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