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Evaluation of Physicochemical Methods for Treatment of Cu, Pb, Sb, and Zn in Canadian Small Arm Firing Ranges Backstop Soils.

Laporte-Saumure, Mathieu; Martel, Richard; Mercier, Guy (2010). Evaluation of Physicochemical Methods for Treatment of Cu, Pb, Sb, and Zn in Canadian Small Arm Firing Ranges Backstop Soils. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution , vol. 213 , nº 1-4. p. 171-189. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-010-0376-2.

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Résumé

This paper presents the results of physicochemical treatment on Pb-, Cu-, Sb-, and Zn-contaminated Canadian small arm firing range (SAFR) backstop soils in order to evaluate the potential of such methods for remediation of SAFR backstop soils. Remediation target for the treatment assays was to attain the Québec Department of Environment commercial C criterion or more realistically, to reach the soil burial D criterion. Two treatment lines (TL) were evaluated. TL-1, consisting of jig and Wilfley table (WT) treatments on the 0.5–3 mm and 53–500 μm soil size fractions (SF), respectively, and chemical leaching on the <53 μm SF and TL-2, consisting of jig on the 1–4 mm SF, spiral, and WT treatments on 250 μm–1 mm SF, and Kelsey jig assays on the <250 μm SF. For both TL, the untreated SF (>3 mm for TL-1; >4 mm for TL-2), and the gravimetric separation concentrates could be sent for recycling in smelter facilities. Results showed that the finer SF (<53 μm SF for TL-1; <250 μm SF for TL-2) were very difficult to treat. Even with metal removed mass proportions up to 78% for Pb, concentrations were still very high after chemical leaching; and the Kelsey jig showed deceiving metal removed mass proportions (up to 47% for Pb). In both TL, the jig and the WT showed Pb removed mass proportions up to 98% and treated mass proportions up to 77% in their respective SF. Whole process efficiencies in the cleaned soils showed that TL-1 led to the remediation of up to 65% of the initial total soil, and TL-2, 36%. TL-1 and TL-2 results showed that the WT effectively treated soils of 53 μm–1 mm SF, and the jig, soils of the 1–4 mm SF. Our study shows that gravimetric concentration techniques are very promising for the treatment of SAFR backstop soils, and further research has to be done in order to treat the SF lower than 53 μm.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: small arm firing range; metal contamination remediation; soil washing; gravimetric concentration technologies
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 20:57
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 20:57
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10697

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