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Regional estimation of extreme suspended sediment concentrations using watershed characteristics.

Tramblay, Yves; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; St-Hilaire, André; Poulin, Jimmy (2010). Regional estimation of extreme suspended sediment concentrations using watershed characteristics. Journal of Hydrology , vol. 380 , nº 3-4. p. 305-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.11.006.

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Résumé

The number of stations monitoring daily suspended sediment concentration (SSC) has been decreasing since the 1980s in North America while suspended sediment is considered as a key variable for water quality. The objective of this study is to test the feasibility of regionalising extreme SSC, i.e. estimating SSC extremes values for ungauged basins. Annual maximum SSC for 72 rivers in Canada and USA were modelled with probability distributions in order to estimate quantiles corresponding to different return periods. Regionalisation techniques, originally developed for flood prediction in ungauged basins, were tested using the climatic, topographic, land cover and soils attributes of the watersheds. Two approaches were compared, using either physiographic characteristics or seasonality of extreme SSC to delineate the regions. Multiple regression models to estimate SSC quantiles as a function of watershed characteristics were built in each region, and compared to a global model including all sites. Regional estimates of SSC quantiles were compared with the local values. Results show that regional estimation of extreme SSC is more efficient than a global regression model including all sites. Groups/regions of stations have been identified, using either the watershed characteristics or the seasonality of occurrence for extreme SSC values providing a method to better describe the extreme events of SSC. The most important variables for predicting extreme SSC are the percentage of clay in the soils, precipitation intensity and forest cover.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: frequency analysis; regionalisation; suspended sediment; concentrations; water quality
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 16:48
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 16:48
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10677

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