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Acidification increases mercury uptake by a freshwater alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

Le Faucheur, Séverine; Tremblay, Yvan; Fortin, Claude; Campbell, Peter G. C. (2011). Acidification increases mercury uptake by a freshwater alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Environmental Chemistry , vol. 8 , nº 6. p. 612-622. DOI: 10.1071/EN11006.

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Résumé

We have examined the influence of pH on HgII uptake (mainly in the form of the lipophilic complex HgCl2) by a green, unicellular alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Uptake of the dichloro complex increased by a factor of 1.6 to 2 when the pH was lowered from 6.5 to 5.5, an unexpected result given that the intracellular hydrolysis rate of fluorescein diacetate (FDA), used as a probe for the passive diffusion of lipophilic solutes through algal membranes, decreased in the studied alga under similar conditions. Several mechanisms were explored to explain the enhanced uptake at pH 5.5, including pH-induced changes in cell surface binding of Hg or in Hg loss rates from cells, but none of them gave completely satisfactory explanations. The present findings imply that inorganic HgII in aqueous solution behaves, in terms of uptake, neither as a lipophilic complex (the uptake of which would be expected to decrease with acidification because of algal membrane packing), nor as a cationic metal (the transport of which by facilitated transport would be expected to diminish with increasing proton concentration because of metal–proton competition at the transporter binding sites). Mercury uptake by algae seems rather to be stimulated by proton addition.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: cell membrane; lipophilic metal complex; pH; unicellular green algae; uptake rate
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 14:45
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 14:45
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10627

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