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Travel from home: an economic geography of commuting distances in Montreal

Shearmur, Richard (2006). Travel from home: an economic geography of commuting distances in Montreal Urban Geography , vol. 27 , nº 4. p. 330-359. DOI: 10.2747/0272-3638.27.4.330.

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Résumé

The question of how home and workplace are linked through commuting is at the heart of much recent work on metropolitan areas. However, the emphasis tends to be either on spatial-economic models or on the impact of empirically measured individual, household, neighborhood, and transport mode characteristics; relatively little work has focused on job characteristics and place of employment as they relate to travel to work. In this article, I investigate whether people travel different distances to access different types of job location, with particular attention to the different distances traveled by men and women. My points of reference are the major employment centers (poles) in the Montreal region. After controlling for a wide range of explanations that may account for different travel distances, I conclude that differences in commuting length between different places of work are, by and large, independent of possible explanatory factors such as residential location, economic sector, occupation, income, and participation in household earnings—some places of work generate longer commutes than others. Men and women behave differently in relation to these places: women will travel farther to access jobs in centers whereas men will not; and despite their shorter average overall commutes, women travel farther than men to reach jobs in the CBD. This suggests, at the metropolitan scale, that each job location may have its own local culture or "milieu," and that men and women react differently to them.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: durée des trajets domicile-travail; lieu de travail; villes polycentriques; Montréal
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 20 nov. 2020 15:13
Dernière modification: 20 nov. 2020 15:13
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10593

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