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Effects of chronic metal exposure on wild fish populations revealed by high-throughput cDNA sequencing.

Pierron, Fabien; Normandeau, Eric; Defo, Michel Amery; Campbell, Peter G. C.; Bernatchez, Louis; Couture, Patrice (2011). Effects of chronic metal exposure on wild fish populations revealed by high-throughput cDNA sequencing. Ecotoxicology , vol. 20 , nº 6. p. 1388-1399. DOI: 10.1007/S10646-011-0696-Z.

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Résumé

Given the inherent variability of aquatic systems, predicting the in situ effects of contaminants on such ecosystems still represents a major challenge for ecotoxicology. In this context, transcriptomic tools can help identify and investigate the mechanisms of toxicity beyond the traditional morphometric, physiological and population-level endpoints. In this study, we used the 454 sequencing technology to examine the in situ effects of chronic metal (Cd, Cu) exposure on the yellow perch (Perca flavescens) transcriptome. Total hepatic mRNA from fish sampled along a polymetallic gradient was extracted, reverse transcribed, labeled with unique barcode sequences and sequenced. This approach allowed us to identify correlations between the transcription level of single genes and the hepatic concentrations of individual metals; 71% of the correlations established were negative. Chronic metal exposure was thus associated with a decrease in the transcription levels of numerous genes involved in protein biosynthesis, in the immune system, and in lipid and energy metabolism. Our results suggest that this marked decrease could result from an impairment of bile acid metabolism by Cd and energy restriction but also from the recruitment of several genes involved in epigenetic modifications of histones and DNA that lead to gene silencing.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Chronic metal pollution; Transcriptome; Next-generation sequencing; Wild fish populations
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 nov. 2020 21:32
Dernière modification: 19 nov. 2020 21:32
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10589

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