Dépôt numérique

A low‐dimensional hillslope‐based catchment model for layered groundwater flow.

Broda, Stefan; Larocque, Marie; Paniconi, Claudio; Haitjema, Henk M. (2012). A low‐dimensional hillslope‐based catchment model for layered groundwater flow. Hydrological Processes , vol. 26 , nº 18. p. 2814-2826. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8319.

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Despite the strong interaction between surface and subsurface waters, groundwater flow representation is often oversimplified in hydrological models. For instance, the interplay between local or shallow aquifers and deeper regional‐scale aquifers is typically neglected. In this work, a novel hillslope‐based catchment model for the simulation of combined shallow and deep groundwater flow is presented. The model consists of the hillslope‐storage Boussinesq (hsB) model representing shallow groundwater flow and an analytic element (AE) model representing deep regional groundwater flow. The component models are iteratively coupled via a leakage term based on Darcy's law, representing delayed recharge to the regional aquifer through a low conductivity layer. Simulations on synthetic single hillslopes and on a two‐hillslope open‐book catchment are presented, and the results are compared against a benchmark three‐dimensional Richards equation model. The impact of hydraulic conductivity, hillslope plan geometry (uniform, convergent, divergent), and hillslope inclination (0.2%, 5%, and 30%) under drainage and recharge conditions are examined. On the single hillslopes, good matches for heads, hydrographs, and exchange fluxes are generally obtained, with the most significant differences in outflows and heads observed for the 30% slope and for hillslopes with convergent geometry. On the open‐book catchment, cumulative outflows are overestimated by 1–4%. Heads in the confined and unconfined aquifers are adequately reproduced throughout the catchment, whereas exchange fluxes are found to be very sensitive to the hillslope drainable porosity. The new model is highly efficient computationally compared to the benchmark model. The coupled hsB/AE model represents an alternative to commonly used groundwater flow representations in hydrological models, of particular appeal when surface–subsurface exchanges, local aquifer–regional aquifer interactions, and low flows play a key role in a watershed's dynamics.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: hillslope modelling; Boussinesq equation leakage; model coupling; analytic element modeling; layered groundwater flow
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 nov. 2020 20:56
Dernière modification: 19 nov. 2020 20:56
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10564

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