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Regional development in sparsely populated areas: The case of Quebec's missing maritime cluster

Doloreux, David; Shearmur, Richard (2006). Regional development in sparsely populated areas: The case of Quebec's missing maritime cluster Canadian Journal of Regional Science / Revue canadienne des sciences régionales , vol. 29 , nº 2. p. 195-210.

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Résumé

The cluster concept has become very popular as a guiding principle for regional development policies. The objective of these policies is usually to support the local job market, and the way this is accomplished is by promoting industrial competitiveness and innovation in local firms. It is believed that policies based on the promotion of industrial clusters will achieve this. However, the formation of clusters requires certain conditions--not least of which are proximity between actors and a certain critical mass--that cannot be met in all regions. In some cases there is a cluster rhetoric that is not reflected in reality. In this article, we set out to examine how the cluster concept has been applied by regional policy makers in Quebec's coastal region. We examine whether certain basic preconditions of cluster formation are met, and whether any particular regional dynamism can be identified for the sectors targeted by this policy. We conclude that there may exist a maritime cluster in and around Rimouski (a regional hub) but that there is no evidence of cluster dynamics leading to regional growth throughout the area covered by the cluster policy.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: développement régional; population; région maritime; Québec
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 17 nov. 2020 16:11
Dernière modification: 17 nov. 2020 16:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10495

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