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Selenium Interactions with Algae: Chemical Processes at Biological Uptake Sites, Bioaccumulation, and Intracellular Metabolism.

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Ponton, Dominic; Graves, Stephanie D.; Fortin, Claude; Janz, David; Amyot, Marc; Schiavon, Michela (2020). Selenium Interactions with Algae: Chemical Processes at Biological Uptake Sites, Bioaccumulation, and Intracellular Metabolism. Plants , vol. 9 , nº 4. p. 528. DOI: 10.3390/plants9040528.

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Résumé

Selenium (Se) uptake by primary producers is the most variable and important step in determining Se concentrations at higher trophic levels in aquatic food webs. We gathered data available about the Se bioaccumulation at the base of aquatic food webs and analyzed its relationship with Se concentrations in water. This important dataset was separated into lotic and lentic systems to provide a reliable model to estimate Se in primary producers from aqueous exposure. We observed that lentic systems had higher organic selenium and selenite concentrations than in lotic systems and selenate concentrations were higher in lotic environments. Selenium uptake by algae is mostly driven by Se concentrations, speciation and competition with other anions, and is as well influenced by pH. Based on Se species uptake by algae in the laboratory, we proposed an accurate mechanistic model of competition between sulfate and inorganic Se species at algal uptake sites. Intracellular Se transformations and incorporation into selenoproteins as well as the mechanisms through which Se can induce toxicity in algae has also been reviewed. We provided a new tool for risk assessment strategies to better predict accumulation in primary consumers and consequently to higher trophic levels, and we identified some research needs that could fill knowledge gaps.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: algae; selenium; competition; sulfate; partition coefficient; selenate; selenite; organic selenium
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 24 juill. 2020 13:36
Dernière modification: 24 juill. 2020 13:36
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10332

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