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The work of policy: actor networks, governmentality, and local action on climate change in Portland, Oregon

Rutland, Ted; Aylett, Alexander (2008). The work of policy: actor networks, governmentality, and local action on climate change in Portland, Oregon Environment and Planning D: Society and Space , vol. 26 , nº 4. p. 627-646. DOI: 10.1068/d6907.

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Résumé

To develop and implement public policy requires work. In this paper, we examine some of the work involved in a pathbreaking climate change policy adopted in Portland, Oregon. Seeking to address shortcomings in existing studies of local environmental governance, we focus particular attention on how climate change became a political priority in Portland, how a particular representation of local carbon dioxide emissions was developed in the process of public consultations, and how the local state attempted to achieve its adopted policy objectives by enlisting the self-governing capacities of its residents. To carry out such an analysis, we draw on both actor-network theory (ANT) and governmentality. The first approach offers an understanding of how collective priorities emerge as different actants learn how to move toward their goals by working together, and also suggests how subjects and objects are reshaped by their enrolment in such configurations. The second approach offers a more precise understanding of how the state attempts to achieve its objectives—once they are established—by conducting the conduct of its citizens. Brought together, we argue, ANT and governmentality provide an incisive approach to questions of local environmental governance, and to broader political concerns as well. As each approach addresses well-cited shortcomings of the other, the combined approach developed in this paper could be deployed in many studies that examine the emergence of political priorities and the capacity to achieve them.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: gouvernementalité; action locale; changement climatique; Portland
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 16 nov. 2020 20:28
Dernière modification: 16 nov. 2020 20:28
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10101

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