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Techno-economic assessment of an hydrometallurgical process to simultaneously remove As, Cr, Cu, PCP and PCDD/F from contaminated soil.

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Metahni, Sabrine; Coudert, Lucie; Blais, Jean-François; Tran, Lan Huong; Gloaguen, Erwan; Mercier, Gabrielle; Mercier, Guy (2020). Techno-economic assessment of an hydrometallurgical process to simultaneously remove As, Cr, Cu, PCP and PCDD/F from contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Management , vol. 263 . p. 110371. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110371.

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Résumé

Industrial activities lead to the contamination of large amounts of soils polluted by both inorganic and organic compounds, which are difficult to treat due to different chemical properties. The efficiency of a decontamination process developed to simultaneously remove mixed contamination of industrial soils was evaluated at the pilot-scale, as well as operating costs associated to that process to define the best remediation approach. The results showed that the treatment of the coarse fractions (>0.250 mm) of 40 kg of soil by attrition in countercurrent mode allowed the removal of 17–42% of As, 3–31% of Cr, 20–38% of Cu, and 64–75% of polychlorinated dioxins and furans (PCDD/F). Removals of 60% for As, 2.2% for Cr, 23% for Cu, and 74% for PCDD/F were obtained during the treatment of attrition sludge (<0.250 mm) by alkaline leaching process. However, the results of the techno-economic evaluation, carried out on a fixed plant with an annual treatment capacity of 7560 tons of soil treated (tst), showed that the estimated overall costs for the attrition process alone [scenario 1] (CAD$ 451/tst) were lower than the costs of the process, which additionally includes an alkaline leaching step to treat attrition sludge [scenario 2] (CAD$ 579/tst). This techno-economic evaluation also showed that the process becomes competitive with current disposal options (thermal desorption and landfilling – CAD$ 600/tst) from a certain treatment capacity, which is around of 3465 tst/yr for the scenario 1 and 6930 tst/yr for the scenario 2. On the other hand, the techno-economic evaluations are crucial to selecting feasible decontamination process for a soil remediation project, with considerations of the type of contamination, site characteristics and cost effectiveness.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: soil contamination; PCDD/F; attrition; leaching; surfactant; techno-economic evaluation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 17 avr. 2020 18:11
Dernière modification: 17 avr. 2020 18:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10098

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