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The Making of statistical standards: the OECD and the Frascati manual, 1962-2002

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Godin, Benoît (2008). The Making of statistical standards: the OECD and the Frascati manual, 1962-2002 Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, Montréal.

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Résumé

From its very beginning, science policy was defined according to the anticipated economic benefits of science. To contribute to this end, the OECD produced a methodological manual for national statisticians, aimed at conducting surveys of research and development. The Frascati manual (1962) offered a statistical, or accounting answer to three policy questions, or issues of the time: the allocation of resources to science, the balance between choices or priorities, and the efficiency of research. This paper looks at how national accounting got into the measurement of scientific and technical activities. It discusses early national accounting exercises on science from the 1930s onward, and their influence on the OECD and its member countries. This paper suggests that accounting brought forth a specific definition of science and its measurement.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Mots-clés libres: normes statistiques
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 20:12
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 20:12
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10054

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