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Cost, energy and GHG emission assessment for microbial biodiesel production through valorization of municipal sludge and crude glycerol.

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Kumar, Lalit; Yellapu, Sravan Kumar; Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal; Drogui, Patrick (2020). Cost, energy and GHG emission assessment for microbial biodiesel production through valorization of municipal sludge and crude glycerol. Bioresource Technology , vol. 297 . p. 122404. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.122404.

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Résumé

In this study, cost simulations were made based on 20 million L blended biodiesel B-10 production per year using INRS and conventional process. In case of INRS process, microbial lipid was produced by T. oleaginosus using washed municipal secondary sludge fortified with crude glycerol while lipid was extracted from wet biomass using biodegradable surfactant and petroleum-diesel (PD). The conventional process uses commercial substrates for lipid production and organic solvents for lipid extraction from dry biomass. The unit B-10 production cost of INRS process was estimated to be $ 0.72/L for an annual capacity of 20 million L, which is 9.5 times more economical than conventional biodiesel production process. For INRS process, the unit B-10 biodiesel production cost was sensitive to plant capacity and lipid productivity during the fermentation. INRS process exhibited positive net energy gain and positive GHG capture, which proves to be energetically and environmentally viable.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: blended biodiesel; waste carbon sources; economic evaluation; INRS process; conventional process
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 30 janv. 2020 22:02
Dernière modification: 30 janv. 2020 22:02
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9698

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