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Observed and Simulated Precipitation over Northeastern North America: How Do Daily and Subdaily Extremes Scale in Space and Time?

Innocenti, Silvia; Mailhot, Alain; Frigon, Anne; Cannon, Alex J.; Leduc, Martin (2019). Observed and Simulated Precipitation over Northeastern North America: How Do Daily and Subdaily Extremes Scale in Space and Time? Journal of Climate , vol. 32 , nº 24. p. 8563-8582. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0021.1.

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Résumé

The characterization of extreme precipitation at fine spatiotemporal scale represents a paramount challenge in hydroclimate sciences due to large uncertainties affecting the precipitation estimation from existing datasets. Comparing the spatiotemporal structure of precipitation extremes estimated from different datasets thus represents an essential step for climate model evaluation, as it provides insight into a model’s ability to simulate atmospheric processes occurring at different scales. This study compares the probability distributions and the annual and diurnal cycles of occurrence of daily and subdaily precipitation annual maxima (AM) estimated over northeastern North America from five observed and simulated datasets: meteorological station series, the bias-corrected (CRT) satellite CMORPH, version 1.0, and the Multi-Source Weighted-Ensemble Precipitation (MSWEP), version 2, gridded datasets, various Canadian RCM, version 5 (CRCM5), simulations, and a 13-yr convection-permitting WRF, version 3.4.1, simulation. ERA-Interim-driven CRCM5 and WRF simulations well reproduced subdaily extreme quantiles and the AM annual and diurnal cycles observed at stations, while CMORPH and MSWEP displayed good performance only for daily and longer extreme statistics. The spatiotemporal statistical structure of precipitation extremes is then assessed considering the variation of AM quantiles across various spatial scales and durations. The results suggest that a two-parameter analytical relationship well describes the AM spatiotemporal structure at the regional scale, allowing us to approximate some crucial properties of point precipitation extremes from gridded datasets. Averaging the estimates from various members of the initial-condition CRCM5 Large Ensemble (CRCM5-LE) also made it possible to reduce the sampling errors and robustly estimate the AM spatiotemporal structure at the local scale of each model grid box.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: North America; extreme events; precipitation; ensembles; model evaluation/performance; seasonal cycle
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 04 déc. 2019 14:49
Dernière modification: 04 déc. 2019 14:49
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9644

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