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Effects of climate change and episodic heat events on cyanobacteria in a eutrophic polymictic lake.

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Bartosiewicz, Maciej; Przytulska, Anna; Deshpande, Bethany N.; Antoniades, Dermot; Cortes, Alicia; MacIntyre, Sally; Lehmann, Moritz F.; Laurion, Isabelle (2019). Effects of climate change and episodic heat events on cyanobacteria in a eutrophic polymictic lake. Science of The Total Environment , vol. 693 . p. 133414. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.220.

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Résumé

Mixing regime and CO₂ availability may control cyanobacterial blooms in polymictic lakes, but the underlying mechanisms still remain unclear. We integrated detailed results from a natural experiment comprising an average-wet year (2011) and one with heat waves (2012), a long-term meteorological dataset (1960–2010), historical phosphorus concentrations and sedimentary pigment records, to determine the mechanistic controls of cyanobacterial blooms in a eutrophic polymictic lake. Intense warming in 2012 was associated with: 1) increased stability of the water column with buoyancy frequencies exceeding 40 cph at the surface, 2) high phytoplankton biomass in spring (up to 125 mg WW L ⁻¹), 3) reduced downward transport of heat and 4) depleted epilimnetic CO₂ concentrations. CO₂ depletion was maintained by intense uptake by phytoplankton (influx up to 30 mmol m⁻² d⁻¹) in combination with reduced, internal and external, carbon inputs during dry, stratified periods. These synergistic effects triggered bloom of buoyant cyanobacteria (up to 300 mg WW L⁻¹) in the hot year. Complementary evidence from polynomial regression modelling using historical data and pigment record revealed that warming explains 78% of the observed trends in cyanobacterial biomass, whereas historical phosphorus concentration only 10% thereof. Together the results from the natural experiment and the long-term record indicate that effects of hotter and drier climate are likely to increase water column stratification and decrease CO₂ availability in eutrophic polymictic lakes. This combination will catalyze blooms of buoyant cyanobacteria.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: harmful blooms; carbon dioxide; climate warming; eutrophication; buoyant cyanobacteria; stratification; heat waves
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2019 14:24
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2019 14:24
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9571

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